The culture of the Maya occupied a huge — more than 400 thousand km 2 and covered present states Yucatan, Campeche, Quintana-Roo, Tabasko's part and Whose - a pass, and also the territory of modern Guatemala, Belize and part of El Salvador and Honduras. sections of work are devoted to this culture.
Modern Maya in rural areas keep traditional culture. They are engaged in agriculture, salt trade, fishery, work at coffee plantations. Women are employed by servants in the cities. The beekeeping, poultry farming, animal husbandry is developed — Maya breed cows, pigs, horses, goats, donkeys, in mountains — sheep. Crafts remain: pottery, an embroidery, weaving, carpentry, woodcarving, in mountains — patten weaving on vertical weaving manual looms, production of jewelry, musical instruments, products from feathers, a tile, boats. The rectangular dwelling from poles, a reed, straw with the high roof covered by palm leaves, often bleached from within and outside prevails. The floor earth, is covered with mats. In the house there are a big clay vessel for water, a stone zernoterka, low stools, a house altar, in a corner the center from three stones with a clay frying pan.
In comparison with Renaissance art of the XVII century is more difficult, protivorechivy in the contents and art forms. The complete poetic perception of the world, characteristic for the Renaissance, collapses, the ideal of harmony of an accordion and clarity is inaccessible.
Picture of styles and directions of art of the 2nd half of the XX century the extremely motley. It is necessary to speak about fashion in art, than about new serious currents more. More in art appeared inventors of a craft manner, than the masters capable to think figuratively and to create figurative works.
The squint which is caused artificially for what to the child after the birth the thread with the wax or pitch ball pasted on a nose bridge was attached to hair was considered as one more important sign of beauty. Thus the child got used to squint eyes.
The Indians belonging to lingvinistichesky group of the Maya live in the territory of three modern states of Central America now. This language family is divided into three main branches: Maya, kitsch, huasteks-ky.
The gain interrupted with Spaniards of Indian territories cultural development, one of the richest in dokolumbovy America. The Spanish monks burned more than 500 ancient manuscripts which could reveal many secrets of one of the civilizations, greatest in the world.
The Maya — group of the Indian people, related on language. Indians of a yukateka, lakandona, chola, chontala treat them, draw, chukh, - whether, tsotsil, totik, hakaltek, haustek, a kitsch,, pokomch, etc. They live in rainforests and mountain valleys of southeast Mexico, Guatemala, northern Honduras and British Honduras. Their total number — about 2,7 million people.
Real and sincere sources of art, i.e. art creativity, are seen in various phenomena: imaginations (romanticism), diverse aspiration to change (Schiller), aspiration to imitation (Aristotle, modern naturalism), aspiration to the symbolical image (the German idealism, an expressionism) and in many other.